dog bulldogFleas are a common, albeit difficult, pet problem. Pet cats and dogs are the most common targets of fleas. Some species of fleas even attack humans.

Life cycle of fleas

Fleas are external parasites that live on the blood of warm blooded animals. A flea can lay as many as 600 eggs in one lifetime. The eggs fall from a host (your pet) and days to a few weeks to hatch. The larva (the hatched-egg) move actively and can live on debris present in your house such as dust and other organic matter found in rugs, for instance, or animal beddings. The larva larva stage can go on for 5 to 15 days.

After which, they become a pupa and spin a cocoon. The pupa can stay in its cocoon for as long as 2 years or more if it has no host to suck blood from. Pupa can sense the presence of mammalian warmth and movements even as light as a footstep can initiate hatching. Adult fleas need to have a meal of blood to complete its development. It can jump for over 13 inches to look for a meal.

Since fleas, in varying stages of development, can survive on a very minimal diet, it is important to completely clean your house and surroundings.

Vacuum rugs, carpet, furniture

Vacuum rugs, carpets and and furniture thoroughly since flea eggs, pupa and larva live on the organic materials in your belongings. Make sure to discard the dust bag outside the bag. Treat your rugs, carpets and furniture and your pets living areas with an effective flea spray that contain Insect Growth Regulators such as methoprene.

These insect growth regulators are non-toxic and can last up to 7 months. They act by disrupting flea development from the larva stage. Flea "bonbs" are not advisable since they the insecticide is thrown into the air, thus treating on surface where the insecticide happens to land. Liquid formulations are more advisable to be used since they are applied directly on surfaces.

Maintain a good health

Good health can help keep fleas away. Healthy animals are less likely to be attacked by fleas. Watch what your pets are eating . Give your dogs foods that are rich in Vitamin B Complex such as garlic. You can also use Vitamin B tablets. Wash your pets with a trusted flea shampoo. Leave on for 5-15 minutes and rinse thoroughly. You can repeat bathing them with flea shampoo if you see that adult fleas again.

Use flea killers

Use flea killers very minimally. It has been found that flee killers such Frontline and Advantage cause severe reactions and even death. Cats are more prone to have toxic reactions to flea killers. They can have severe reactions even if a dog is treated with a flea killer. It is advisable to use flea killers in lesser dosages than what is suggested.

Dealing with fleas is really a bother, so if you have pets, it pays to be conscientious with your surroundings and vigilant in monitoring your pets’ health.